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1."Science"is a word formed from the Latin verb Scire,which
means"to know".Science means knowing.What is the difference between
knowing and thinking or believing?The question can be best answered
by an illustration.
Suppose a child seems ill.You may feel his head.If it feels
hot to you ,you may say he has a fever.What you should say is that
you believe he has a fever,because it is possible that your hands
are cold.This will make his head feel hot to you even though it is
not any hotter than normal.On the other hand ,if you place a good
thermometer under his tongue for three minutes (after shaking the
thermometer down,of course),and that thermometer reads 102 °F.,
it means the child is running a high temperature.Then you can say
he has a fever and know that you are stating a fact.In this case you
know he has a fever.
In science,we cannot use beliefs or opinions,for we must have
proved facts.The facts may be collected either by making careful
observations or by setting up experiments.But facts must be collected
before a science can be developed.Out of the facts thus collected,
knowledge is organized and science is born.
A)Science means (a)knowing,(b)thinking,(c)believing,
B)When a child has a fever,(a)his hands are always cold,(b)he
shakes the thermometer down,(c)he states a fact,(d)his head
C)We know the child has a fever if (a)he seems ill,(b)his hands
are cold,(c)the thermometer shows he is running a high
temperature,(d)his head is not hotter than normal.
D)In science we must not (a)have proved facts,(b)use beliefs
or opinions,(c)make careful observations,(d)set up
2.On January 12,1947,Liu Hu-lan,a fifteen-year-old girl,was
publicly executed by Kuomintang troops in Wenchow,a small village
in Shansi province.She had refused to betray the patriots with whom
she had worked to free her people from feudal and foreign domination.
On the eve of May 1,1951,four years after her death,her mother,
Hu Wen-hsiu,wrote a public letter urging all mothers and daughters
to sign the appeal for a Five-Power Peace Pact and to vote against
the rearmament of Japan.Thousands of replies poured in as a resultഊof this appeal.Among them was a letter from a group of Chinese
people's volunteers in Korea,which said,"Dear Mother:We were
greatly moved when we read your let-ter.We hate the enemy;we pledge
to fight with the same iron will as Liu Hu-lan.We will not stop until
we have avenged her death and the deaths of millions of other innocent
people and driven the enemy from our borders".
A)Liu Hu-lan was born in (a)1912,(b)1932,(c)1947,(d)1951
B)Liu Hu-lan died in (a)South China,(b)Japan,(c)Korea,
C)Liu Hu-lan was killed by the Kuomintang bandits because
she(a)urged people to vote against the rearmament of
Japan,(b)refused to free her people from feudal and foreign
domination,(c)refused to betray her comrades,(d)signed the
Five-Power Peace Pact.()
D)A group of Chinese people's volunteers wrote a letter to (a)Liu
Hu-lan,(b)Hu Wen-hsiu,(c)their parents,(d)an unknown
3.The Chinese People's Republic was founded only two years ago
in 1949.Guided by the Communist Party and its leader,Mao Tse-tung,the
great Chinese people have in these two years radically transformed
the political and social system of their country.
The solution of the land problem is one of the major developments
in these two years.Feudal relationships,the primary source of the
miseries of the Chinese people in the past,are being rapidly
abolished.In 1952,agrarian reform will be completed practically
Chinese industry is also being developed.Industrial plants are
being reconstructed and expanded.In one year 66,000 new industrial
and commercial enterprises were started in Shanghai,Tientsin,
and other cities.The difficulties of rehabilitation have been
successfully coped with in the Northeast,the country's principal
A)This article was written in(a)1947,(b)1949,(c)1951,(d)1952.
B)The miseries of the Chinese people in the past were chiefly
caused by (a)feudal relationships,(b)agrarian
reform,(c)industrial plants,(d)commercial enterprises.
C)At the time the article was written,agrarian reform was
(a)already completed,(b)abandonned,(c)abolished,(d)not yet
D)China's principal industrial area is (a)Peking,(b)theഊNortheast,(c)Shanghai,(d)Tientsin.()
4.Peking,Feb.9,(Hsinhua)—Sixty-five prominent Americans,
including leading scientists,writers,Negro leaders,trade-unionists
and Protestant bishops,have joined to form an "American Peace
Crusade",states the New York"Daily Worker".The sixty-five peace
leaders have issued a call for a peace pilgrimage to Washingson on
March 1 to make known to American senators,congressmen and the
president the "will to peace among all Americans,regardless of
creed,colour,occupation or political opinion."
Calling for withdrawal of American troops from Korea and an end
to war in the Far East,the sponsors declared,"We insist that the
crisis in Asia can be solved by abandoning the attempt to ignore the
Chinese People's Republic,and by recognizing its right as the only
government in being in China to sit in the United Nations.But even
before these steps are taken,we must abandon the futile conflict in
Korea with needless destruction of the country and its people and
sacrifice of American soldiers,"
Among the initial sponsors of the "American Peace Crusade"and
peace pilgrimage are:Thomas Mann,Nobel literature prize winner for
1929;Dr.Linus Pauling ,former president of the American Chemical
Society;Dr.W.S.B.Dubois,noted Negro sociologist and
historian;Justice James H.Wolfe of the Supreme Court of Utah;and Paul
A)The American Peace Crusade was formed by sixty-five
B)The sponsors of the Crusade (a)ignored the Chinese People's
Republic,(b)called for withdrawal of American troops from
Korea,(c)carried on futile conflict in Korea,(d)sacrificed
C)The American Peace Crusade organized a pilgrimage to
(a)Washington,(b)Korea,(c)New York,(d)the United
D)Thomas Mann is a(a)soldier,(b)doctor,(c)writer,(d)Negro.
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