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[高考试题]1951 年试题

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 1951 年英语高考试题


一、阅读测验:
细读以下四段文字,然后回答每段后所附的问题。答案须以原文为据,
不可乱猜。回答时可用简短的英文。
1.One of the important discoveries of physical science is the
fact that when a bit of metal is warm it is greater than it is cold.Heat
is the cause of expansion in metals.When enough heat is given to a
liquid,it is put in motion.It is then said to be boiling.The amount
of heat which is necessary for this effect may be measured on a scale
and the degree at which it takes place is said to be the boiling-point
of the liquid.
a.What happens to a piece of metal when it gets warm?
b.What causes the expansion in metals?
c.What happens to a liquid if we give it enough heat?
d.How can we determine the boiling point of a liquid?
2.In the forests of India there are not so many trees and bushes
are not so thick as they are in the hot wet parts of Africa.This kind
of forest is called the jungle.The jungle is the home of the tiger.It
is difficult for other animals to see the tiger as it makes its way
through the long grass because of the stripes of black and orange
on its body.With shining green eyes the tiger runs through the jungle
looking for food.
The tiger,like the lion,kills and eats the weaker animals that
live in or near the jungle.So it must be able to move without making
a noise.It must also be able to jump very far in order to catch the
animal it wants to kill .This is why the tiger has a body that can
jump so far,legs that are so terribly strong,and paws that can walk
so quietly.
a.What is the forest in India usually called?
b.Why is it difficult for other animals to see the tiger as it
makes its way through the long grass?
c.What kind of food do tigers eat,meat or vegetables?
d.What is the colour of the tiger's eyes?
3.The question is often asked:"Just what do we communists mean
when we say —socialism?"It's not complicated.We mean an advanced
stage of social development which will abolish private ownership of
the means of production.The means of production are today the
property of a small group of capitalists.They use their property to
exploit the labour of millions for their own personal profit.By
socialism we mean collective ownership by the whole people of all
the socially necessary means of production(land,natural
resources,industries,railroads,banks,communications,etc.).We
mean the operation of these means of production through a planned
economy which will guarantee an ample supply and distribution of allഊcommodities and services to all the people.Socialism does not
exclude private ownership of personal property;in fact,most of us
would have far more under socialism than we have now.Socialism denies
the right to use any savings or possessions to exploit the labour
of others.Under socialism,work is the right and duty of all
able-bodies in accordance with the concept ,"He who does not
work-neither shall he eat."
a.Name three of the socially necessary means of production
mentioned in this paragraph.
b.Under socialism would we have more or less property than we
have now?
c.Under socialism what is the right and duty of all people?
d.What is abolished in the socialist state?
4.Recent news from the Korean front tells of how men who once
fought in Syngman Rhee's South Korean forces are now playing a heroic
part in the rank of the people's forces.
The Chinese Volunteers have picked up thousands of wounded and
half-frozen,half-starved puppet korean soldiers who had been left
to their fate by the Americans.Medical aid and food has been provided
to the former puppet troops,who,once beginning to realize the cruel
policy of the U.S.imperialists,give vent to their pent-up hatred
and become eager to turn their guns against the U.S.aggressors.
Some of these Korean soldiers have displayed extraordinary
heroism after joining the people's forces.They are successfully
persuading thousands of South Korean forces to surrender.This is one
instance of how they go about doing this.During a patrol mission,
one of these liberated soldiers,Sun Hyng Sun,sighted a group of
puppet Korean troops on a hill.He shouted to them through a
microphone,"I used to be a puppet soldier just like you.I've joined
the People's Army and now I am well treated.What is the sense of
fighting against your own people for the American aggressors and
traitor Rhee?Come over,brothers!"
Forty-three puppet soldiers emerged from their hide-outs and
walked down the hill with their hands up.They belonged to the 27th
Battalion of Rhee's 5th Division.
a.Who is Syngman Rhee?
b.What do the Chinese Volunteers do when they find wounded South
Korean soldiers?
c.What was Sun Hyng Sun formerly?
d.Why did the forty-three South Korean soldiers come out from
their hide-outs with their hands raised?
二、汉译英:
将下列各句译成正确而合乎语法规律的英文。必须忠实地保持原意,
不可更动,其句法构造则不必过分拘泥,主要须使英文流畅自然。ഊ1.毛主席是我们伟大的领袖。
2.我父亲每天工作八小时。
3.北京已经解放两年多了。
4.如果明天下雨,我就不出去了。
5.他来的时候,我正在读书。
6.他为什么不喜欢到剧院去?
7.俄文是他唯一能懂的语言。
8.一切爱好和平的人都是我们的朋友。
9.现在我们村子里每个人都有温暖的衣服穿。
10.他不愿意他的儿子娶那个女人。
11.身体不健康,什么事也不能作。
12.我们的人民政府已经开办一些工农学校。
13.他们对记者们说:“我们是中国人民志愿军。”
14.我问她知道不知道那所建筑的名字。

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