Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of
each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. A） She can do the job.
B) She could call a friend
C) She’s just switched off the light.
D) She’s already replaced the shelf.
2. A） They want to go downtown.
B) He wants to go to the park, but she doesn’t.
C) He doesn’t know where to park the car.
D) He wants to find out where the park is.
3. A）Company and customer.
B) Repairman and customer.
C) Teacher and student’s parent.
D) Wife and husband.
4. A） She didn’t like working in a company.
B) She disliked machines.
C) She was not good at doing business.
D) She didn’t like accounting.
5. A） He has some money to buy a new car.
B) He fails in borrowing enough money from the woman.
C) He will spend much money on his house.
D) He wants to buy a new house and a new car.
6. A） He had much trouble with his pronunciation.
B) He began studying English too early.
C) No one can understand him.
D) He knew nothing about English.
7. A） Frustration. B) Joy.
C) Excitement. D) Sorrow.
8. A） He likes to go out of town.
B) He can’t attend.
C) He never attends novel reading.
D) He isn’t going out of town next week.
9. A） He doesn’t like that kind of food.
B) The woman can do some cooking herself.
C) He doesn’t intend to buy them.
D) The woman should stop looking at him.
10. A） Mrs. Fisher wants to go abroad.
B) Mrs. Fisher is in hospital.
C) Mrs. Fisher has no family.
D) There are three people in Mrs. Fisher’s family.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each
passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A） Given by the local government.
B) Born by a large number of bitches.
C) Bought from different cities and villages.
D) Captured over grassland.
12. A） 11-week course for control duty.
B) 11-week course for patrol duty.
C) 9-week course for control duty.
D) 9-week course for patrol duty.
13. A） Catching runaway criminals.
B) Scratching the hidden bombs.
C) Patrolling the dangerous town.
D) Drug-sniffing and bomb-sniffing.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A） Gold was discovered.
B) The Transcontinental Railroad was completed.
C) The Golden Gate Bridge was constructed.
D) Telegraph communications were established with the East.
15. A） Two million.
B) Three million.
C) Five million.
D) Six million.
16. A） Nineteen million dollars.
B) Thirty-two million dollars.
C) Thirty-seven million dollars.
D) Forty-two million dollars.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A） Computers have become part of our daily lives.
B) Computers have disadvantages as well as disadvantages.
C) People have different attitudes to computers.
D) More and more families will own computers.
18. A） Computers can bring financial problems.
B) Computers can bring unemployment.
C) Computers can be very useful in families.
D) Computerized robots can take over some unpleasant jobs.
19. A） Computers may change the life they have been accustomed to.
B) Spending too much time on computers may spoil people’s relationship.
C) Buying computers may cost a lot of money.
D) Computers may take over from human beings altogether.
20. A） Affectionate. B) Disapproving.
C) Approving. D) Neutral.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Misjudging someone’s use of silence can take place in many contexts and on many
levels. Take pausing for example. One’s conversational style may be marked by frequent pausing, thus giving room (or time) for the discourse partner to jump into the conversation by taking his or her next turn. Some speakers, however, may think that the pauses others leave for them are not long enough to claim the floor(发言权) without being rude, while it may be the feeling of the other party that longer pauses would create awkward silences. Such differences in the perception and valuation of pauses may lead to conflict. The person who does not tolerate long pauses may wonder why the other does not want to talk, whereas the person who needs longer pauses to take a turn may think of his or her partner as intolerably talkative.
21. What is the passage mainly about?
A） Different conversational style.
D) Misjudging someone’s use of silence.
22. “Jump into the conversation” in the fifth line means ____.
A） participate in the conversation
B) become involved in the conversation
C) disturb the conversation
D) interrupt the speaker by taking one’s turn unexpectedly
23. What can we conclude from the passage?
A） A talkative person may not want the other to stop.
B) Some speakers may think the pauses others leave for them are too short.
C) A pause may be interpreted in different ways.
D) We should tolerate long pauses.
24. Conflicts may be aroused except____.
A） when the person needs longer pauses while the other needs short pauses
B) when the person’s conversational style is marked by frequent pausing
C) when the person thinks pauses are too short while the other thinks they may create awkward silences
D) when the person wonders why the other stops while the other thinks why his or her partner is so talkative
25. What is the author’s attitude towards pauses in conversations?
Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.
For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers.
All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to
positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example,
by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of
students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity.
A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.
26. Normally a student would at least attend ____ classes each week.
A） 36 B) 12
C) 20 D) 15
27. According to the first paragraph,an American student is allowed ____.
A） to live in a different university
B) to take a particular course in a different university
C) to live at home and drive to classes
D) to get two degrees from two different universities
28. American university students are usually under pressure of work because ____.A） their academic performance will affect their future careers
B) they are heavily involved in student affairs
C) they have to run for positions of authority
D) they have to attend a lot of classes
29. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations
probably because ____.
A） they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study
B) they will then be able to stay longer in the university
C) such positions help them get better jobs
D) such positions are usually well paid
30. The student organizations seem to be effective in ____.
A） dealing with the academic affairs of the university
B) ensuring that the students observe university regulations
C) evaluating students’ performance by bringing them before a court
D) keeping up the students’ enthusiasm for social activities
The Industrial Revolution in Britain first began in the textile industry. England had been a major producer of wool for centuries. Ever since the enclosures,
wool and then woolen cloth had been the principal exports of England. And cloth
-making, though a domestic industry in the early years, had the characteristic of captalist production which separated the employer from the employee and introduced the division of labour, such as carding, spinning, weaving, fulling and dyeing. With the expansion of market, the demand for cloth also increased. But a spinner with a distaff could only make one thread at a time. The short supply of yarn became the main obstacle to mass production of cloth. The general effort to improve thread-making techniques led to the invention of spinning Jenny in 1764, by the English spinner Hargreaves. The new instrument enabled a singly workman to spin eight or ten threads at once. A year later, Richard Arkwright, a barber, patented a device for drawing out thread by means of rollers. Then in 1779, Samual Crompton drew on these two new devices and invented a new kind of spinning machine known as the mule. It greatly accelerated the speed of production and improved the quality of thread. Then Arkwright established a great factory by applying power-driven mules and became known as Father of Factory System in England.
By the end of the 18th Century, power-driven machines spinning two hundred threads simultaneously had been introduced in production.
31. What was the most important export of England before the revolution?
A） Wool cloth.
B) Wool and woolen cloth.
C) Spinning machines.
D) Power-driven machines.
32. Capitalist production was characterized by ____.
A） the separation of the employer from the employee
B) the division of labour
C) both A and B
D) the expansion of market
33. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A） Hargreaves invented the spinning Jenny.
B) Arkwright patented a device for drawing out thread by means of rollers and thus was called Father of Factory System in England.
C) Samual Crompton invented the spinning machine mule.
D) By the end of the 18th century, power-driven spinning machines could produce two hundred threads simultaneously.
34. “simultaneously” in the last sentence means ____.
A） at the same time B) together
C) at a time D) altogether
35. This passage can best be titled ____.
A） Process of the Industrial Revolution
B) Beginning of the Industrial Revolution
C) What led to the Industrial Revolution
D) Effects of the Industrial Revolution
James Joyce was an Irish novelist who revolutionized the methods of depicting characters and developing a plot in modern fiction. His astonishing way of constructing a novel, his frank portrayal of human nature in his books, and his complete command of English have made him one of the outstanding influences on literature in the 20th Century. Many critics judge that he is second only to Shakespeare in his mastery of the English language. Joyce was deeply influenced by Ireland and wrote all his books about Dublin.
When he was in Dublin College, he studied languages and spent his spare time
reading books. He refused to take part in the nationalist movement like his fellow students, but he became passionately interested in literature. He wrote outspoken articles of literary criticism that shocked his teachers and even taught himself Norwegian so that he could read Ibsen’s works in the original.
When he graduated in 1902, he knew he would become a writer and an exile, because he felt he could not be one without the other. In order to preserve his ideal of writing truthfully, fully, and as objectively as he knew how, about the people and places he knew best, he had to escape from all temptations to become involved in popular opinion or public life. He went to France, Italy and Switzerland, where he lived in poverty and obscurity for the first 20 years, only returning to Ireland when his mother was dying. Except for a couple of brief trips, he stayed abroad all his life.
36. James Joyce was first of all a ____.
A） revolutionary B) critic
C) novelist D) exile
37. James Joyce was famous for many reasons EXCEPT ____.
A） his way of constructing a novel
B) his frank portrayal of human nature
C) his complete command of English
D) his passion in literature
38. “He is second only to Shakespeare” is a comment on his ____.
A） achievement in literature
B) achievement in the nationalist movement
C) achievement in his study of languages
D) mastery of the English language
39. How many examples are used to show his passion in literature?
A） 2. B) 3.
C) 1. D) 4.
40. Why did James Joyce stay abroad almost all his life?
A） Because he wanted to live in poverty and obscurity.
B) Because he wanted to write the people and places he knew best.
C) Because he wanted to escape from all temptations to become involved in popular opinion or public life.
D) Because he wanted to preserve his ideal of writing truthfully, fully and objectively about the people and the places he knew best.
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41. The only thing ____ really matters to the children is how soon they can return to their aunt and uncle’s farm.
A） that B) what
C) which D) this
42. Although she claims to have left her job voluntarily, she was actually ____ for misconduct.
A） dispelled B) exiled
C) resigned D) dismissed
43. They remained full of hope and determination ____ their repeated
A） instead of B) in search of
C) because of D) in spite of
44. My next door neighbor saw the ____ break into my house and reported
to the police immediately.
A） thief B) robber
C) burglar D) mugger
45. Though she is getting on in years, she still has a ____ fear of the
A） childlike B) childish
C) naive D) juvenile
46. A flying stone ____ him on the head and knocked him out.
A） beat B) hit
C) strike D) flog
47. If ____, we’ll stay at home.
A） it’ll rain B) it’s to rain
C) it rains D) it’ll be raining
48. If he had visited me in Beijing, I ____ him to see the sights.
A） had taken B) will take
C) would take D) would have taken
49. You’ll soon get used to ____ a large breakfast in England.
A） eat B) it that you eat
C) eating D) you eat
50. You’ve made a mistake——you’ve ____ the word.
A） left out B) left behind
C) left off D) left for
51. I need ____ more volunteers to help move the piano.
A） none B) any
C) few D) some
52. The children are as ____ as larks.
A） happy B) joyous
C) gay D) merry
53. She thought it was ____ not to know some of the basic facts of her
A） shameful B) ashamed
C) a shame D) ashameful
54. Ted agreed to ____ the strike if the company would satisfy the demand of the workers.
A） call out B) call to
C) call off D) call on
55. I went to my adviser to ask him what courses ____.
A） should I take
B) must I take
C) to take
D) I were to take
56. ____, the book has many mistakes.
A） Having not been written carefully
B) Not writing carefully
C) Having written not carefully
D) Not having been written carefully
57. Your hair wants ____. You’d better have it done tomorrow.
A） cut B) to cut
C) cutting D) being cut
58. In developing countries, people are ____ into overcrowded cities in great numbers.
A） breaking B) filling
C) pouring D) hurrying
59. Some old people don’t like pop songs because they can’t ____ so much noise.
A） resist B) sustain
C) tolerate D) undergo
60. As a result of careless washing, the jacket ____ to a child’s size.
A） compressed B) shrank
C) dropped D) decreased
61. Many difficulties ____ as a result of the change over to a new type
A） risen B) arisen
C) arose D) raised
62. Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he
still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only ____ to
A） extended B) amounted
C) added D) turned
63. Everybody looked ____ the direction of the explosion.
A） to B) from
C) in D) into
64. Who is ____ personnel at present?
A） in the charge of
B) under charge of
C) under the charge of
D) in charge of
65. A lot of people have tried, but ____ have succeeded.
A） the few B) few
C) some few D) a few
66. Will all those____ the proposal raise their hands?
A） in relation to B) in excess of
C) in contrast to D) in favor of
67. Trade unions often ____ with employers for better conditions of pay
A） ask B) require
C) bargain D) plead
68. The lawyer advised him to drop the ____, since he stands little chance to win.
A） case B) event
C) affair D) incident
69. My brother’s plans are very ____; he wants to master English, French and Spanish before he is sixteen.
A） abundant B) ambitious
C) arbitrary D) aggressive
70. The relationship between employers and employees has been studied ____.
A） originally B) extremely
C) violently D) intensively
Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D beneath the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
One of the most important features that distinguishes reading from listening is
the nature of the audience. ___71___ the writer often does not know who will read what he writes, he must ___72___ to be as clear as possible. Time can be taken to plan the piece of writing so that it is eventually organized into some sort of ___73___ sequence of events or ideas. When we speak, however, we normally have very ___74___ time to plan what we intend to say. ___75
___, we may begin speaking before we ___76___ what to say. Our thoughts then tumble out in ___77___ a logical sequence. Since we are actually ___78___ our audience face to face we may omit some of the information we believe our audience shares.___79___ the more familiar we are with out audience, the more information we are likely to leave out. In any ___80___ they can always stop and ask a question or ask for clarification if we have left out too much. A reader, however, cannot do ___81___ but can at least attempt comprehension at his own speed;___82___, he can stop and go backwards or forwards,___83___ to a dictionary or just stop and rest. When we listen we may have to work hard to sort out the speaker’s ___84___ by referring backwards and forwards while the s
peaker continues. As the speaker struggles to organize his thoughts, he will use
filler phrases to give him time to plan.___85___ these fillers, he will still make mistakes and repeat what he has already said. His speech will be characterized ___86___ a limited range of grammatical patterns and vocabulary and the use of idioms to ___87___ some general meaning quickly. It should be clear, then, that the listener has to take an active ___88___ in the process by ignoring the speaker’s repetitions and mistakes, and by seeking out the main idea information through recall and prediction. To keep the process going ___89___
he also has to inform the speaker that he has understood ___90___ actually interrupting.
71. A） However B) Since
C) Although D) Unless1
72. A） attempt B) intend
C) pretend D) expect
73. A） lawful B) historical
C) natural D)logical
74. A） few B) much
C) little D)enough
75. A） Then B) Indeed
C) Alternatively D) Soon
76. A） have decided B) will decide
C) decided D) will have decided
77. A） nothing but B) nothing like
C) anything but D) anything like
78. A） appealing B) advertising
C) convincing D) addressing
79. A） And B) But
C) Thus D)Nevertheless
80. A） case B) state
C) condition D)affair
81. A） such B) much
C) this D)itself
82. A） in general
B) in conclusion
C) on the contrary
D) that is to say
83. A） yield B) prefer
C) adapt D) refer
84. A） thoughts B) consideration
C) concepts D) speculation
85. A） In stead of B) In spite of
C) Because of D) In view of
86. A） at B) on
C) by D) with
87. A） transmit B) convey
C) negotiate D) conduct
88. A） role B) duty
C) part D) function
89. A） regularly B) fluently
C) peacefully D) smoothly
90. A） without B) except
C) despite D) regarding[FL)]
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “Failure Is the Mother of Success”. You should write no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
1. M: Are you going to replace the light switch by yourself?
W: Why should I call an electrician?
Q: What does the woman imply?
2. W: The map shows that this street goes downtown.
M: Yes, but what we want to know is how to get to the park.
Q: What does the man mean?
3. W: Listen, the heating is broken in my room. When are you going to come and fix it?
M: I’m sorry to hear that, madam. I’ll get someone right away.
Q: What is the probable relationship between the man and the woman?
4. M: Well, I thought you were working for a large business machine company.
W: I did for a few months, but I decided that accounting wasn’t what I liked best.
Q: Why did she want to change her job?
5. M: I wish to buy a new car, but I spent too much on my house last year.
W: New cars are expensive. You can’t borrow so much money.
Q: What happens to the man?
6. M: Well, if I had begun studying English earlier, I wouldn’t be having so much trouble with my pronunciation.
W: Oh, I can understand why you feel that way.
Q: What problem does the man have?
7. M: Have you filled out your tax forms yet?
W: Don’t remind me of them! They’re so confusing that I’m discouraged before I start!
Q: What emotion is the woman feeling?
8. W: Will you come to my novel reading next week?
M: I’ll be out of town then.
Q: What does the man mean?
9. W: Shouldn’t someone go to the supermarket to select some bread and cereals with the words “iron-added” on the label?
M: Don’t look at me.
Q: What does the man mean?
10.W: I wonder if Mrs. Fisher has any family. Her room is always quiet.
M: Actually she is a mother of three. Her children all live abroad. That’s why the nurses take care of her.
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
The dog has often been an unselfish friend to man. It is always grateful to its master. It helps man in many ways. Certain breeds of dogs are used in criminal investigations. They are trained to sniff out drugs and bombs. They help police to catch criminals. Some dogs are trained to lead blind people.
The dogs that help in criminal investigations are trained at a school called
the Military Dog Studies branch of the US Air Force in Lackland, Texas. The dogs
to be trained are selected by an air force team. This team visits large cities
across the country to buy the dogs. They may buy dogs from private citizens for
up to $750 each. Some citizens freely give their dogs. The dogs selected must be
healthy, brave and aggressive. They must be able to fight back if they are attacked. The dogs chosen are between the ages of one and three. They are given a medical examination when they arrive at the school. Their physical examination includes X-rays and heart tests. The trainee dogs undergo the first stage of training when they arrive in Lackland. This is an 11-week course for patrol duty. After this course, the best dogs are selected to go on another 9-week course. They learn drug-sniffing or bomb-sniffing. After this course, the dogs are ready for their jobs in the cities or on air force bases.
The training given to a drug-sniffing dog is different from that given to a bomb-sniffing dog. A drug-sniffing dog is trained to scratch and dig for the drugs when he sniffs them. A bomb-sniffing dog sits down when he finds a bomb. That
is the alert for hidden explosives.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. How are the dogs obtained for training?
12. What is the first stage of training for the dogs?
13. What do dogs learn during the 9-week training?
From this lookout we enjoy one of the most spectacular views of San Francisco
. As you can see, the city rests on a series of hills varying in altitude from sea level to nine hundred and thirty-eight feet.
The first permanent settlement was made at this site in 1776. For thirteen years the village had fewer than one hundred inhabitants. But in 1848, with the discovery of gold, the population grew to ten thousand. The same year the name was changed from Yerba Buea to San Francisco.
By 1862 telegraph communications linked San Francisco with eastern cities, and by 1869, the first transcontinental railroad connected the Pacific coast with
the Atlantic seaboard. Today San Francisco has a population of almost three million. It is the financial center of the west, and serves as the terminus for trans-Pacific steamship lines and air traffic. The port of San Francisco which is almost eighteen miles long with fort-two piers, handles between five and six million tons of cargo annually.
And now, if you will look to your right, you should just be able to see the east section of the Golden Gate Bridge. The bridge, which is more than one mile long, spans the harbor from San Francisco to Marin County and the Red Wood Highway. It was completed in 1937 at a cost of thirty-two million dollars and is still
one of the largest suspension bridges in the world.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. According to the tour guide, what happened in 1848?
15. What is the population of San Francisco today?
16. How much did it cost to complete the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge?
For good or bad, computers are now part of our daily lives. With the price of
a small home computer now being lower, experts predict that before long all schools and businesses and most families in the rich parts of the world will own a
computer of some kind. Among the general public, computers arouse strong feelings——people either love them or hate them.
The computer lovers talk about how useful computers can be in business, in education and in the home——apart from all the games, you can do your accounts on
them, use them to control your central heating, and in some places even do your
shopping with them. Computers, they say, will also bring some leisure, as more
and more unpleasant jobs are taken over by computerized robots.
The haters, on the other hand, argue that computers bring not leisure but unemployment. They worry, too, that people who spend all their time talking to computers will forget how to talk to each other. And anyway, they ask, what’s wrong
with going shopping and learning languages in classroom with real teachers? But
their biggest fear is that computers may eventually take over from human beings
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. What does this passage mainly talk about?
18. According to the passage, what is not mentioned about computers?
19. What is the biggest fear of the computer haters?
20. What’s the speaker’s attitude to computers?
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
【详细解答】男士问女士是否自己换电灯开关， 女士回答说，何必请电工。此处关键是理解why的用法，它既可表示建议，也可表示置疑， 并非总是表示询问。
【详细解答】女士房间的暖气坏了，想知道什么时候才会有人来修，男士说马上派人来。此处关键是get someone right away，因此此人代表公司。
【详细解答】男士想一辆新车，但去年买房花钱太多，女士回答新车很贵，你不可能借那么多钱。此处关键是you can’t borrow so much money, 省略了from me。
【详细解答】女士怀疑Mrs. Fisher是否有家人, 因为她家总是静悄悄的, 男士说她实际上是三个孩子的妈妈, 但孩子们都住在国外, 因此由护士照顾她。
内容概要：狗是人类无私的朋友, 它们以各种方式帮助人类. 有些狗被用于犯罪调查。一个空军小分队专门负责买狗，这些狗要接受11个星期的巡逻训练，表现好的狗将再接受9个星期的训练，此间它们要学习嗅毒品或炸弹。
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
【译文】第五行jump into the conversation的意思是突然打断别人，进入对话。
【详细解答】文中有一句话“The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities.”，此处关键是对 maintaining discipline的理解，意为维护纪律，因此B为正确答案。
【详细解答】该词可理解为“同一时间”或“一次”，根据上下文，动力驱使的纺织机可一次纺出两百根纱，上文还提到at a time，at once，因此答案为C。
【详细解答】文章第一句就点明The Industrial Revolution in Britain first began in
the textile industry。下文就讲了纺织业的变化，未涉及其他领域，而实际上工业革命涉
【详细解答】“in his mastery of the English language”表明范围、方面，即在英语语言的掌握方面仅次于莎士比亚，本文没有具体提到他对文学的贡献或他学习的成绩，他没有参加民族运动，不可能在这方面有什么贡献，因此D为正确答案。
【详细解答】原文用in order to 来表明因果关系，因此to preserve his ideal of writing truthfully，fully，……为原因，结果就是he had to escape from all temptations to become involved in popular opinion or public life，即移居国外。
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure
【详细解答】instead of 指两个动作、行为、事件等只出现其中一个；in search of 指搜寻，探索等；because of表因果关系；in spite of表让步关系。
【详细解答】thief 泛指窃贼，小偷；robber指抢劫者，用武力抢夺别人的东西； burglar
【详细解答】childlike指像孩子一样天真的， 诚实的，中性词； childish指孩子所特有的，幼稚的，傻气的，带贬义； naive指天真的，幼稚的；朴素的，朴实的，褒义词； juvenile指青少年特有的，适合青少年的，中性词。
【详细解答】此题中，从句时态为过去完成时，主句时态应为过去将来完成时，即would have taken，其他选项均不符合虚拟语气中的时态的要求。
【详细解答】get used to指适应，后接名词或动名词； used to指过去常常，后接动词原形； be used to 的逻辑主语若为人，则与get used to同义，用法相同；其主语若为物，
【详细解答】leave out指漏掉，遗漏，省去；leave behind指甩掉，超过；遗忘，忘带；leave off指停止；leave for指离开某地到另一地。
【详细解答】此处根据题意四个选项均对，但as happy as a lark是固定搭配，是成语。
【详细解答】call out指工会等命令工人罢工，唤起，引起；call to无此用法；call off
指放弃，取消； call on指呼吁，号召，请求。
【详细解答】英语中有一些动词可跟主动形式的宾语表示被动含义，如： want， need，此时的主语一般为物；这些动词后面也可跟不定式的被动形式。
【详细解答】break into指破门而入；fill into指填充，填满；pour into指倾注，源源输送；hurry into指匆忙进入，此处只有C符合题意，意指人们仍在不断的进入城市。
【详细解答】此处四个词均可与介词to搭配， 但搭配后的意义完全不同，extend to指延伸至；amount to指合计，总共达；相当于，等于；add to指增添，做加法；turn to指转向某人寻求帮助，只有add to符合题意。
【详细解答】look to指照管，留心， 注意，期待，主语通常为人，后面通常跟人或物，跟方向时，主语为物；look from后跟地点或物品，表示从某个方位看；look in加方向表示朝某个方向看，look into指调查事件真相，或朝某物里面看。
【详细解答】in the charge of指在某人的掌管、控制下，后跟人，此人为主控；under charge of同under the charge of指在某人的掌管（看管）下，后跟人，此人为主控；in charge of主管，掌管，看管，后跟物。此处personnel（人事部）为一个部门，因此答案为in charge of。
【详细解答】the few指上文已提到的少数，意义肯定，few指几乎没有，意义否定；some，few不能同时使用，a few指有一些，意义肯定。此句后半部分语意转折，应为否定，故答案应为few。
【详细解答】in relation to指关于，涉及，有关；in excess of指超过；in contrast to指与……形成对照；in favor of指赞同……，支持……，有利于……。
【详细解答】此题四个选项中有三个可与题中介词for搭配，但意思不同，ask for指请求，向……要；通过询问来寻找；require需要，要求，命令，为及物动词，不能跟介词for；bargain for讨价还价，谈判；想廉价把……弄到手，指望，预期；plead for表示辩护，抗辩，申明，后跟人。
Part IV Cloze
【详细解答】nothing but意思是“仅仅是”；anything but 意思是“决不是”。
【详细解答】in any case是固定短语，意思是“无论如何，总之” 。
【详细解答】this此处指上文提到的“ask a question or ask for clarification”。
【详细解答】that is to say意思是：“也就是说”。它所引出的分句是对分号前一分句的解释。
【详细解答】“be characterized by”可视为固定说法，意思是“具有……的特征”。
【详细解答】take a(n) (active) part in是固定短语，意思是“（积极）参与”。
Part V Writing
Failure Is the Mother of Success
In one way of thinking, failure is what often happens. For some objective or
subjective reasons, we often have to face failure in a complex society. No one can avoid failure in one or another aspect of daily life. In another way, failure
may be a way towards success. It makes us think a lot. We learn the lessons and
accumulate the experience, and then we try to get access to the possible soluti
on. Failure can become treasures. Edison, the inventor of the light bulb, made hundreds of models that failed before he found the right way to make one.
In my opinion, failure isn’t always a bad thing. We will have a more realistic view about ourselves and the world around us. As people often say, failure is
the mother of success. A temporary loser does not necessarily mean a permanent loser. Grasping opportunity, everyone can succeed with his or her efforts.
3.in charge of主管，掌管，看管
4.as happy as a lark高兴