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Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said.
Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1.A) The man doesn’t want to see Mr. Williams.
B) Mr. Jones is in an inferior position than Mr. Williams.
C) Mr. Jones used to be in charge.
D) Mr. Willams doesn’t want to do tomorrow.
2.A) They need to make more efforts.
B) They’ll have more work to do tomorrow.
C) The others have done the greater part of it.
D) They’ve finished more than half of it.
3.A) She was feeling very sorry.
B) She felt a bit annoyed.
C) She was in a hurry.
D) She was in her office.
4.A) Jane was telling a lie.
B) The woman wasn’t being sincere.
C) Jane has already come back from Paris.
D) Jane wasn’t in Paris that day.
5.A) The knife belongs to him.
B) Bob should mind his own business.
C) The man once borrowed Bob’s knife.
D) Bob’s knife isn’t as good as that of the man.
6.A) He’ll miss the meeting that afternoon.
B) He’ll have an appointment with the host.
C) He won’t miss the meeting.
D) He is very hardworking.
7.A) Because she won’t fulfill her promise.
B) Because her mother would be very angry.
C) Because she can’t finish the job ahead of schedule.
D) Because she would be the last to finish the job.
8.A) He always talks on the phone for that long if it’s toll free.
B) They have so much free time to talk on the phone for that long.
C) They talked on the phone for too long.
D) He wants to know what they talked about.
9.A) At a restaurant.
B) At the cinema.
C) In the office.
D) At a department store.
10.A) She wrote the thesis for the man.
B) She warned the man about writing on such a topic.
C) She likes to take risk.
D) She was secretary to Professor Smith.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11.A) Americans are too attached to their cars.
B) American cars are too fast.
C) Automobiles endanger health.
D) Automobiles are the main pubic transportation tools of USA.
12.A) Because they pollute air.
B) Because they are natural hazards.
C) Because they are increasing in numbers.
D) Because people don’t walk so often.
13.A) Control of natural hazards.
B) Control of heavy traffic.
C) Control of heart disease.
D) Control of manmade hazards.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14.A) It smashed into a row of houses.
B) It was run over by a truck.
C) It was too nervous to leave the strip in the middle of the road.
D) It hit a truck.
15.A) A passenger.
B) The dog.
C) The truckdriver.
D) A policeman.
16.A) In the street.
B) In a family swimming pool.
C) In a public swimming pool.
D) In a kindergarten.
17.A) A big steak.
B) A piece of bread.
C) A bottle of milk.
D) An extra bone.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18.A) Seasonal variations in nature.
B) How intelligence changes with the change of seasons.
C) How we can improve our intelligence.
D) Why summer is the best season for vacation.
20.A) All people are less intelligent in summer than in the other seasons of the year.
B) Heat has no effect on people’s mental abilities.
C) People living near the equator are the most intelligent.
D) Both climate and temperature exert impact on people’s intelligence.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Antarctica has actually become a kind of space station—a unique observation post for detecting important changes in the world’s environment.S1 Remote from major sources of pollution and the complex geological and ecological systems that prevail elsewhere, Antarctica makes possible scientific measurements that are often sharper and easier to interpret than those made in other parts of the world.
Growing numbers of scientists therefore see Antarctica as a distantearly warning sensor, where potentially dangerous global trends may be spotted before they show up to the north. One promising field of investigation is glaciology. Scholars from the United States, Switzerland, and France are pursuing seven separate but related projects that reflect their concern for the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet—a concern they believe the world at large should share.
The Transantarctic Mountain, some of them more than 14,000 feet high, divide the continent into two very different regions. The part of the continent to the “east” of the mountains is a high plateau covered by an ice sheet nearly two miles thick. “West” of the mountain, the half of the continent south of the Americas is also covered by an ice sheet, but there the ice rests on rock that is mostly well below sea level. If the West Antarctic Ice Sheet disappeared, the western part of the continent would be reduced to a sparse cluster of island.
While ice and snow are obviously central to many environmental experiments, others focus on the mysterious“dry valley”of Antarctica, valleys that contain little ice or snow even in the depths of winter. Slashed through the mountains of southern Victoria land, these valleys once held enormous glaciers that descend 9,000 feet from the polar plateau to the Ross Sea.Now the glaciers are gone, perhaps a casualty of the global warming trend during the 10,000 years since the ice age. Even the snow that falls in the dry valleys is blasted out by vicious winds that roar down from the polar plateau to the sea. Left bare are spectacular gorges, rippled fields of sand dunes, clusters of boulders(大圆石)sculptured into fantastic shapes by 100mileanhour winds, and an aura of extraterrestrial desolation.
Despite the unearthly aspect of the dry valleys, some scientists believe that they may carry a message of hope for the verdant(草木繁茂的)parts of the earth. Some scientists believe that in some cases the dry valleys may soak up pollutants
faster than pollutants enter them.
21.Antarctica is scientifically important in that ____.
A) it is a space station
B) it is an ideal place for the investigation of glaciology
C) there is the mysterious dry valley
D) it can help people detect global environmental changes
22.The reason for the disappearance of glaciers in the dry valley is ____.
A) that they’ve desended to the Ross sea
B) that they’ve been blasted out by vicious winds
C) the global warming trend ever since the ice age
D) that they’ve been changed into gorges,sand dunes and boulders
23.When the author calls Antarctica “distantearlywarning sensor”, he
actually means that ____.
A) such equipment has been set up for scientific purpose
B) the research groups there are like such kind of sensors
C) potential global changes can be seen on Antarctica first
D) Antarctica is remote from other parts of the earth
24.Which of the following statements is true according to the article?
A) There is a cluster of island west of the Transantartic Mountain.
B) Scientific research on Antarctica only centers on the ice and snow there.
C) Dry valleys may be a place to dispose of our pollutants.
D) All the countries on earth should be concerned about the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.
25.The word “spotted”(2nd paragraph)can best be replaced by____.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The Carnegie Foundation report says that many colleges have tried to be “all things to all people”. In doing so, they have increasingly catered to a narrowminded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision among their students.
The current crisis, it contends, does not derive from a legitimate desire to put learning to productive ends. The problem is that in too many academic fields,
the work has no context; skills, rather than being means, have become ends.Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to a d
egree. In short, driven by careerism, “the nation’s colleges and universit
ies are more successful in providing credentials(文凭)than in providing a quality education for their students.” The report concludes that the special challenge confronting the undergraduate college is one of shaping an “integrated core” of common learning. Such a core would introduce students “to essential knowledge, to connections across the disciplines, and in the end, to application of knowledge to life beyond the campus.”
Although the key to a good college is a highquality faculty, the Carnegie study found that most colleges do very little to encourage good teaching. In fact, they do much to undermine it. As one professor observed:“Teaching is important, we are told, and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.” Not surprisingly, over the last twenty years colleges and universities have failed to graduate half of their fouryear degree candidates. Faculty members who dedicate themselves to teaching soon discover that they will not be granted tenure
(终身任期), promotion, or substantial salary increases. Yet 70 percent of all faculty say their interests lie more in teaching than in research. Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pressure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or colleagues in the content of the publications.”
26.When a college tries to be “all things to all people”(lines 2, Para. Ⅰ), it aims to ____.
A) satisfy the needs of all kinds of students simultaneously
B) focus on training students in various skills
C) encourage all sorts of people to attend college
D) make learning serve academic rather than productive ends
27.The word “core”(lines 15, 1st paragraph) might mean____.
28.One of the reasons for the current crisis in American colleges and universities is that ____.
A) a narrow vocationalism has come to dominate many colleges
B) students don’t have enough freedom in choosing what they want to learn
C) skills are being taught as a means to an end
D) students are not interested in learning
29.American colleges and universities failed to graduate half of their four
year degree candidates because ____.
A) most of them lack highquality faculites
B) students are becoming more and more lazy
C) there are not enough incentives for students to study hard
D) they attach greater importance to research and publication than to teaching
30.It can be inferred from the passage that highquality college education
calls for ____.
A) highquality faculties
B) a commitment to students and effective teaching
C) the cultivation of students’ interest in learning
D) dedication to research in frontier areas of knowledge
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
The U.S. birthrate began to decline in the middle 1950’s, resulting in a smaller
collegeage population starting in the middle 1970’s.S4 Something else happened in the 1970’s: the price of oil increased tremendously, driving up the price of almost everything and making Americans aware that their large automobiles used a lot of gasoline. At the same time, foreign car manufacturers had beg
un to produce small fuelefficient cars in large quantities for the export market. Suddenly, the large, gasguzzling American cars were no longer attractive to American buyers, who began buying foreign cars by the thousands. The American automobile industry went into a recession. Thousands of automotive workers were laid off, as were thousands of people in industries indirectly connected with the autoindustry. People who are laid off tend to keep what money they have for necessities, like food and housing. They do not have the extra money needed to send their children to college. Their children cannot pay their own college costs, because during a recession they cannot find jobs. High unemployment means that more state funds must be used for social service—unemployment benefits and to aid dependent children, for example—than during more prosperous times. It also means, that the states have fewer funds than usual, because people are paying fewer taxes. Institutions of higher education depend on two major sources of income to keep them functioning: tuition from students and funds from the states. At the present time, there are fewer students than in the past and fewer state funds available for higher education. The colleges and universities are in trouble.
31.What is the main idea of this passage?
A) The rising of oil price drove up the price of everything.
B) There were many reasons why higher education was in trouble in the 1970’s.
C) Birthrate began to decline in the USA in 1950’s.
D) High unemployment caused a lot of social problems.
32.The phrase “laid off” can best be replaced by which of the following?
A) Poor .
B) Got rid of.
33.American cars were not popular in their domestic markets because they were____.
D) not attractive
34.The colleges and universities were in trouble because of the following reasons except that ____.
A) they couldn’t get enough income to keep them running
B) young people couldn’t afford the tuition fees
C) keeping them running at the same level would cost much more
D) social services need more state funds because of the recession
35.All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ____.
A) young people couldn’t afford their own tuition in the 1970’s
B) it’s difficult for graduates from colleges to find a job in the 1970’s
C) fewer parents could afford to send their children to college because of
the recession in 1970’s
D) Birthrate dropped in the 1970’s because of the recession
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Within fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything that goes into the dumps would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find
out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling
waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal
such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well.
Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: first, it will pass through sharp metal bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a
powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that
grounders and rollers break up everything that can be broken. Finally the rubbish will pass under magnets, which will remove the bits of iron and steel; the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.
The first fullscale giant recycling plants are, perhaps, fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some
big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.
36.The main purpose of the passage is ____.
A) to show us a future way of recycling wastes
B) to tell the importance of recycling wastes
C) to warn people the danger of some wastes
D) to introduce a new recycling plant
37.How many stages are there in the recycling process?
38.What is the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants?
A) To deal with wastes in a better way.
B) It’s a good way to gain profits.
C) It’s more economical than to dump wastes in some distant places.
D) Energy can be got at a lower price.
39.The first full—scale huge recycling plants ____.
A) have been in existence for 15 years
B) takes 15 years to build
C) can’t be built until 15 years later
D) will remain functioning for 15 years
40.Which of the following statements is true?
A) The word “rubbish” will soon disappear from dictionaries.
B) Dangerous wastes can be recycled into nothing but energy.
C) To recycle paper and rubber will still be impossible even with the new recycling methods.
D) Big cities will soon have their own recycling plants.
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.You ____ her in office last Friday; She’s been out of town for two weeks.
A) needn’t have seen
B) might have seen
C) must have seen
D) can’t have seen
42.This candidate has far more chances of winning the election than ____ recommended by the organizer.
B) the one
43.____ difficult it is to surmount the obstacles, we’re bound to achieve
44.Many a time ____ not to play with fire but he turns a deaf ear to the
A) the child being told
B) the child has been told
C) has been told the child
D) has the child been told
45.He ____ writing the paper now. He hadn’t written a single word when I
left him ten minutes ago.
A) shouldn’t be
B) can’t have finished
C) can’t be
D) mustn’t have finished
46.Isn’t it lovely to think that I ____ myself on the sunny beach tomorrow at this time.
A) will enjoy
B) am enjoying
C) will be enjoying
D) shall enjoy
47.Don’t you know it’s the first time he ____ this kind of meeting?
C) has attended
D) is attending
48.If you ____ my advice, you ____ your failure now. You ____ your victory.
A) took ... wouldn’t cry over ... would celebrate
B) had taken ... wouldn’t have cried over ... would have celebrated
C) had taken ... aren’t crying over ... are celebrating
D) had taken ... wouldn’t be crying over ... would be celebrating
49.I would rather ____ out to look for a job instead of moping around here everyday.
A) to go B) going
C) went D) go
50.—I must have eaten something wrong. I feel like ____.
—I told you not to eat at a restaurant. You’d better ____ at home.
A) to throw up ... to eat
B) throwing up ... eating
C) to throw up ... eat
D) throwing up ... eat
51.He always dreams of ____ a chance for him to bring into full play his
A) there being B) there to be
C) there is D) being
52.You should keep an eye ____ the slightest changes in the patient while
the doctor is away.
A) for B) on
C) to D) about
53.____ is still a controversial issue.
A) If he is the right person for the job
B) That he is the right person for the job
C) Whether he is the right person for the job
D) He is the right person for the job
54.He has won the first place, ____ is clear from the expressions on his
A) that B) as
C) what D) when
55.His response was ____ that he didn’t say yes and he didn’t say no.
A) so B) what
C) what D) such
56.It’s time for us to ____ the traditional Chinese architecture.
A) preserve B) reserve
C) conserve D) deserve
57.I’m afraid taking a parttime job might ____ my time for study.
A) cut off B) cut into
C) cut down D) cut away
58.The innocent young man was ____ of robbing the bank.
A) sentenced B) charged
C) accused D) punished
59.People should behave ____ on such a solemn occasion.
A) respectedly B) respectfully
C) respectingly D) respectively
60.After second thought, she ____ a better solution.
A) came up with B) added up to
C) put up with D) made up for
61.I didn’t ____ to tell him the truth. He forced me into doing that.
A) expect B) suppose
C) hope D) mean
62.If this kind of animal becomes ____, our future generation won’t even
have a chance to see it.
A) little B) scarce
C) rare D) short
63.Little kids are OK most of the time. But sometimes can become a real ____.
A) difficulty B) nuisance
C) worry D) anxiety
64.Early settlers in this land found great difficulty in ____ to the harsh living conditions.
A) adopting B) fitting
C) settling D) adapting
65.Cultural exchanges between the two countries help to ____ understanding and friendship between the two peoples.
A) increase B) raise
C) promote D) quicken
66.His downfall is ____ to other factors than this.
A) contributable B) attributable
C) deducible D) responsible
67.I think you should go to see a doctor, who may ____ to you proper medicine so that you can recover faster.
A) prescribe B) subscribe
C) submit D) prohibit
68.It pains us to see that our environment is ____.
69.The age of the students in this class ____ from eighteen to twenty.
A) changes B) alters
C) ranges D) limits
70.After finishing the paper, he ____ himself to have a good rest.
A) extended B) stretched
C) spread D) reached
Translation (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part, there are four passages, each consisting of one or two sentences for you to translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read.You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
S1.(Para. 1, Passage 1)
Remote from major sources of pollution and the complex geological and ecological
systems that prevail elsewhere, Antarctica makes possible scientific measurements that are often sharper and easier to interpret than those made in other parts
of the world.
S2.(Para. 1, Passage 2)
Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to degree.
S3.(Para. 2, Passage 2)
Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pres
sure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or
colleagues in the content of the publications.”
S4.(Para. 1, Passage 3)
Something else happened in the 1970’s: the price of oil increased tremendously,
driving up the price of almost everything and making Americans aware that their
large automobiles used a lot of gasoline.
S5.(Para. 1, Passage 4)
Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should College Students Take Parttime Jobs? You should write in at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
1. M: I’d like to speak to Mr. Jones, please.
W: Sorry, sir. But Mr. Jones isn’t hear any more. Mr. Williams is in charge
Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
2. M: Wow, there’s a great deal of work for us to do.
W: Oh, it isn’t so bad as it looks. After all, the greater part of it has already been done.
Q: What does the woman say about the work?
3. W: Can’t you knock on the door before you enter my office next time?
M: Sorry, Mme. It’s just that I’m in such a hurry.
Q: How did the woman feel when she was speaking to the man?
4. W: Jane told me she would fly to Paris sometime this week.
M: Well, I saw her a minute ago at the supermarket.
Q: What can we conclude from the conversation?
5. W: Bob thinks you shouldn’t use your good knife to fix that.
M: Tell him it’s not his knife.
Q: What does the man imply?
6. M: How long will the party last? I’ve got a meeting to attend at 4 pm.
W: You’ll be all right. The host will have an appointment at 3 pm.
Q: What do we learn about the man?
7. M: Why do you look so worried? Only one has finished ahead of you.
W: I’ve promised my Mom that I’d be the first.
Q: Why is the woman worried?
8. W: My friend talked to me on the phone for two hours last night!
M: Is it toll free?
Q: What does the man imply?
9. W: Yes, we do have that color. But unfortunately we don’t have the medium size now.
M: In that case, I’ll have to take the blue one.
Q: Where does the conversation take place?
10.W: Why do you look so depressed?
M: Professor Smith said I might have to change another topic for my thesis.
W: I told you that topic was too risky.
Q: What did the woman do?
There Yale University professors agreed in a panel disussion tonight that the automobile was what one of them called“Public Health Enemy No. 1 in This Country”.Besides polluting the air and congesting the cities,automobiles could cause heart disease “because we don’t walk anywhere any more,”said Dr. H. P. Richard Weinerman, professor of medicine and public health. Dr. Weinerman’s sharp indictment of the automobile came in a discussion of human environment on Yale Reports, a radio program broadcast by Station WTIC in Hartford, Connecticut. The program opened a threepart series on “Staying Alive”.“For the first time in human history, the problem of man’s survival has to do with his control of manmade hazards,” Dr. Weinerman said.“Before this, the problem had been the control of natural hazards.”
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
11.What is the main idea of the passage?
12.Why could automobiles cause heart disease?
13.For the 1st time,what does the problem of man’s survival have to do with?
A small dog brought disaster to a small English town last week. It was trying to
cross a busy street but was too frightened to leave the strip in the middle of
A truck drive parked his truck on the side of the road and got out to help it. While he was going to get the dog, his truck rolled down the street. It smashed into four parked cars, crashed through a fence, rolled down a bank and smashed into a row of houses. Only the driver was hurt. The dog bit him on the hand while he was carrying it.
Here is another story about dogs. A nineyearold child who nearly drowned while she was swimming in a home swimming pool, was saved by the family dog on Saturday. The child was alone in the large pool at the time.
The family of the dog said it would receive an extra large bone as a reward.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
14.What happened to the dog that brought disaster to the town?
15.Who was hurt in the disaster?
16.Where did the second story about dog take place?
17.What would be the reward given to the dog in the second story?
If you are like most people, your intelligence varies from season to season. You
are probably a lot sharper in the spring than you are at any other time of year.
A noted scientist, Ellsworth Huntington, concluded from other men’s work and his
own among people in different climate and temperature have a definite effect on our mental abilities.
He found that cool weather is much more favorable for creative thinking than is
summer heat. This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in summer than they are during the rest of the year. It does mean, however, that the mental
abilities of large numbers of people tend to be lowest in summer.
Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking. One reason may be
that in the spring man’s mental abilities are affected by the same factors that
bring about great changes in all nature.
Fall is the nextbest season, then winter. As for summer, it seems to be a good
time to take a long vacation from thinking.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.
18.What is the passage mainly about?
19.What is the best season for thinking?
20.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
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